Afro-Surinamers 1863-1963 by Prof.dr. Chan E.S. Choenni

Prof.dr. Chan E.S. Choenni is bezig de studie Afro-Surinamers 1863-1963 af te ronden. Het boek komt naar verwachting in februari 2021 uit. Hij zal tijdens zijn bezoek aan Suriname dit boek over de honderdjarige geschiedenis van Afro-Surinamers aan NAKS aanbieden en een presentatie geven. Ter gelegenheid van 157 jaar Keti-koti plaatst hij drie artikelen. Deze artikelen waren in 2018 gepubliceerd in het thema magazine Dreamzworld . Hij heeft de artikelen geactualiseerd.

Chan Choenni (1953) is geboren en getogen in Paramaribo  in de wijk Abrabroki. Hij is opgegroeid met Afro-Surinamers en heeft veel affiniteit met deze bevolkingsgroep.

Zijn aja (paternale grootvader) Mahashay Soekdew Choenni (1893-1972) was dorpshoofd van plantage Laarwijk en de pleegvader van Eugéne Drenthe (1925-2009). Drenthe was geboren en getogen op plantage Laarwijk en vestigde zich later in Paramaribo.  Hij was één van de oprichters van NAKS. Chan Choenni  heeft zijn oom (Barka dada) Drenthe geïnterviewd en zal daarover rapporteren in het Boeken Afro-Surinamers 1863-1963.

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Our History: Alexa Canady, MD: First African-American Woman Neurosurgeon

Alexa Irene Canady, MD, was a pioneer of her time, both for women physicians and African Americans, when she became the first African-American woman neurosurgeon in the United States in 1981.

“The greatest challenge I faced in becoming a neurosurgeon was believing it was possible,” she is famously quoted.

Born in 1950, Canady grew up in Lansing, Michigan, where her father was a dentist and her mother an educator. She graduated from the University of Michigan in 1971 with a degree in zoology, and it was during her undergraduate studies that she attended a summer program in genetics for minority students and fell in love with medicine.

Canady went on to graduate cum laude from the College of Medicine at the University of Michigan. She initially wanted to be an internist but became intrigued by neurosurgery during her first two years of medical school. It was a career path that some advisers discouraged her from pursuing, and she encountered difficulties in obtaining an internship. But she persisted.  Eventually, Canady was accepted as a surgical intern at Yale-New Haven Hospital in 1975, breaking another barrier as the first woman and first African American to be enrolled in the program.

In 1976, Canady began her residency in neurosurgery at the University of Minnesota, which she competed in 1981. Following a fellowship in pediatric neurosurgery at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Canady returned to her home state of Michigan and joined the Neurosurgery Department at Detroit’s Henry Ford Hospital. Later, at age 36, she became the Chief of Neurosurgery at Children’s Hospital of Michigan, where she cared for young patients facing life-threatening illnesses, gunshot wounds, head trauma, hydrocephaly, brain tumors and spine abnormalities.

After years as a successful neurosurgeon, Canady retired from her position in 2001 and relocated to Florida with her husband. Her retirement was short-lived, however, when she learned there were no pediatric neurosurgeons in her immediate area and began to practice part-time at Pensacola’s Sacred Heart Hospital.

Canady officially retired from practicing medicine a second time in 2012. She continues to be an advocate for encouraging young women to pursue careers in medicine and neurosurgery.

Source: BLOG: INDIANA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE:  Women in Medicine

Our Community: Hein Eersel-Vraaggepsrek DWT i.v.m. zijn 98ste jaardag op 9 juni 2020

Klikt u onderstaand link voor de PDF file.

Hein Eersel-Vraaggepsrek DWT i.v.m. zijn 98ste jaardag op 9 juni 2020

Our History: Jan Matzeliger – Son Of A Slave – Surinamese Inventor In America

He was born as Jan Ernst Martzil, on the Plantation, Twijfelachtig, by the Cottica River in Suriname, in 1852.
His mother was a slave woman named Aletta and his father a white Surinamese engineer, named Ernst Carl Martzilger.

While his father did acknowledge him, it was not common for whites to give their children, born of slaves, the same last name. Often the children were given a variation of the last name, hence his birth name, Martzil. We do know that he grew up in the household of his father’s sister, Maria Jacoba Henriette Martzilger.

 

Jan did not receive formal education, but he did show mechanical aptitude early on and was apprenticed at the Surinamese Ship Yard (Today called SMS).

It was on one of these ships that Jan arrived in America. His name was changed according to sources because of the pronunciation of his last name sounded like Matzeliger.

After a few jobs in Philadelphia and Boston he landed in Lynn, Massachussets. Matzeliger found work in the Harney Brothers’ shoe factory where he operated a McKay sole-sewing machine. He also took night classes and studied English on his own to improve his fluency.

Read more on this : Suriname African Heritage

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Our History: Garrett Morgan patents three-position traffic signal

Source: History.com

On November 20, 1923, the U.S. Patent Office grants Patent No. 1,475,074 to 46-year-old inventor and newspaperman Garrett Morgan for his three-position traffic signal. Though Morgan’s was not the first traffic signal (that one had been installed in London in 1868), it was an important innovation nonetheless: By having a third position besides just “Stop” and “Go,” it regulated crossing vehicles more safely than earlier signals had.

Morgan, the child of two former slaves, was born in Kentucky in 1877. When he was just 14 years old, he moved north to Ohio to look for a job. First he worked as a handyman in Cincinnati; next he moved to Cleveland, where he worked as a sewing-machine repairman. In 1907, he opened his own repair shop, and in 1909 he added a garment shop to his operation. The business was an enormous success, and by 1920 Morgan had made enough money to start a newspaper, the Cleveland Call, which became one of the most important black newspapers in the nation.

Morgan was prosperous enough to have a car at a time when the streets were crowded with all manner of vehicles: Bicycles, horse-drawn delivery wagons, streetcars and pedestrians all shared downtown Cleveland’s narrow streets and clogged its intersections. There were manually operated traffic signals where major streets crossed one another, but they were not all that effective: Because they switched back and forth between Stop and Go with no interval in between, drivers had no time to react when the command changed. This led to many collisions between vehicles that both had the right of way when they entered the intersection. As the story goes, when Morgan witnessed an especially spectacular accident at an ostensibly regulated corner, he had an idea: If he designed an automated signal with an interim “warning” position—the ancestor of today’s yellow light—drivers would have time to clear the intersection before crossing traffic entered it.

The signal Morgan patented was a T-shaped pole with three settings. At night, when traffic was light, it could be set at half-mast (like a blinking yellow light today), warning drivers to proceed carefully through the intersection. He sold the rights to his invention to General Electric for $40,000.

Our Community : Suma na mi by Serquino Yspol

Suma na Mi

Deze klip is het jongste product van Alven Roosveld via MotiefA. Voelt u zich vrij het door te sturen.
Dit is de versie met Motivatie van
Marvin Pollack, Rummi Knoppel en Alven Roosveld.

Wan poku fu kraka mi brada nanga mi sisa. Serquinio Yspol na a singiman san e prati wan boskopu fu lobi. Lobi gi yu srefi. Lobi gi a libi. Lobi gi bun ten san e mik yu ati prisiri nanga tranga ten san e mik yu gro. Suku en feni SUMA NA YU

De centrale figuur gaat op een zoektocht naar zichzelf met als hamvraag “Waarom zou ik het niet maken?” Suma na mi fu no mik en”. Hij laat zijn leven de revue passeren en komt tot de slotsom dat in feite niets dat hem overkomt hem kan weerhouden om zijn volledige potentie te bereiken.

Tekst

Suma Na Mi

S’don tiri na mun-kenki
In wan uku fu mi ati
Wan prakseri de
di e dangra trobi mi
M’her libi
Sma ben tayg’mi tak’ wan doni
Bo de ala san
Ai ala gi san mi tron
Me denki
Sa’m’ kon du tap’ dis’ grontapu
Wan momento de
Di m’o opo broko fri

Suma na mi fu no mek’ en
Suma na mi fu dis’ leys’ no tik’en
San du mi
fu sabi san na bun
Suma na mi fu no mik’en
Suma na mi fu dis’ leys’ no tes’en
San du mi , mi wan’ sabi san na bun

Me firi
Mi no wani go so doro
Tan bun syoro
Libi skwala dya m’e kon
A dyersi
Arusubanja wiki in mi
M’no man s’don moro
Mi wan de ala sa’m kan tron
Lonboto
Mi sili nanga krin prakseri
Moro de in mi
Mi sa de ala sa’m kan tron

Ete now m’e bribi
Den sani di me firi
If mi wroko tranga begi ten sa dray

Suma na mi fu no mek’ en
Suma na mi fu dis’ leys’ no tik’en
San du mi
fu sabi san na bun
Suma na mi fu no mik’en
Suma na mi fu dis’ leys’ no tes’en
San du mi , mi wan’ sabi san na bun
(2×)
Suma na mi fu no mik’en
Suma na mi fu dis’ leys’ no tes’en
San du mi
Ai mi bun!

Our History: de eerste metrobestuurder van Amsterdam

Op stap met de eerste metrobestuurder van Amsterdam

Het is 14 oktober 1977 als Norma Alberg voor het eerst officieel als metrobestuurder de cabine van de Oostlijn betreedt en – toen nog – prinses Beatrix, prin Claus en burgemeester Polak tot haar passagiers mag rekenen.

    

Voor een uitgebreid intervieuw 40 jaar later met mw Alberg kunt u onderstaand link klikken.

Op stap met de eerste metrobestuurder van Amsterdam

Our Community: Nieuw Boek Sherwood Feliksdal

Sherwood Feliksdal

Afrikaanse Babynamen en Etiquette bij Zwangerschap en Geboorte  

Binnen de Afrikaanse gemeenschap(pen) wordt de naam van een kind met grote zorg gekozen, omdat de Afrikaanse mens ervan overtuigd is dat de naam van een individu zijn of haar leven beïnvloedt. Namen werken door als affirmaties. Om die reden is het idee voor Afrikaanse Babynamen en Etiquette bij Zwangerschap en Geboorte ontstaan. In dit boek vinden aanstaande ouders een bron waaruit geput kan worden bij de zoektocht naar een passende naam voor hun kind. De lezer kan tevens een indruk opdoen van de verschillende tradities en gebruiken met betrekking tot zwangerschap en geboorte binnen de verschillende Afrikaanse gemeenschappen ter wereld.

 

 


Over de auteur
Sherwood Feliksdal (1985) is juridisch dienstverlener en creatief duizendpoot van beroep. In haar schrijfwerken neemt conservering van cultuuruitingen een centrale plaats in. Contact gegevens: Mob: +3142904702 . Email: s.l.felikdal@gmail.com

Lees hier alvast een stuk uit het boek van Sherwood Feliksdal

Het doel van dit boek is om de lezer inzicht te geven in de gebruiken rond zwangerschap, geboorte en naamgeving op het Afrikaanse continent en in de diaspora. De Afrikaanse mens is ervan overtuigd dat de naam van een individu zijn of haar leven beïnvloedt. Woorden nemen vormen aan en werken als affirmaties door in een persoons bestaan. Het is om die reden dat de keuze voor een naam met grote zorgvuldigheid gepaard gaat.

In West-Afrika is het een traditie om kinderen een dagnaam (dadin) oftewel een zielennaam (Akradin) te geven. Deze zielennaam correspondeert met de dag van geboorte, de planeten en veel specifieker met de karaktereigenschappen van een persoon die zowel een vrouwelijk als een mannelijk deel vertegenwoordigen.

Productinformatie

Titel: Afrikaanse Babynamen en Etiquette bij Zwangerschap en Geboorte
Auteur: Sherwood Feliksdal
Categorie: Diversen
Aantal pagina’s: 138
Geïllustreerd: Nee
Uitvoering/Formaat: Paperback A5
Verschijningsdatum: 27-03-2020
ISBN: 978-94-6403-111-9 / 9789464031119
Vaste prijs: € 18,99
Taal Nederlands

Bezoek de webshop van  BoekSchout om het boek te kopen:

BoekScout Webshop

 

Our History: The African Princess SARAH FORBES BONETTA

SARAH FORBES BONETTA

Born in West Africa of Yoruba descent, Sarah Forbes Bonetta was captured in 1848, at the age of five, during the Okeadon War. King Gezo of Dahomy captured the city of Okeadon, sacrificing many inhabitants and leading the rest away into slavery. While her family were killed in the war, as the daughter of an African chief, Sarah was kept in captivity as a state prisoner, either to be presented to an important visitor, or to be sacrificed at the death of a minister or official to become his attendant in the next world.

In June 1850 Captain Forbes, on board the Bonetta, arrived in Dahomey on a mission to negotiate the suppression of the slave trade. While there, he asked the King for the little girl as a present, whether for himself or on behalf of the Queen is not clear. The request was granted and the child was brought to England, being given the names of Forbes Bonetta, after the Captain and the ship.

She lived at first with Captain Forbes’s family, then, on 9 November, she was taken to Windsor Castle and received by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The Queen paid for Sarah to be educated and saw her several times in the space of a few years. Sarah, a highly intelligent girl, developed a particular talent for music. She married in 1862 and later had a daughter, Victoria, to whom the Queen acted as godmother.

Source: https://www.rct.uk/…/black-and-asian-history-and-victorian-…